Mr. Chairman, Dear Colleagues,
The seven Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement have stood the test of time during the past 50 years. Guided by the Principles, the Movement has evolved into being the biggest international humanitarian network, showing the vitality of the Principles. This Conference offers us a good opportunity to reaffirm our faith in the Principles and to redouble our efforts to promote the international humanitarian cause.
In view of the major humanitarian challenges around the globe, China would like to highlight four keywords as following:
First, resource. The global humanitarian needs have surged to an unprecedented level and there is a huge gap between the needs and resources. All countries and relevant stakeholders should step up efforts to mobilize more resources for humanitarian aid. Developed countries should fulfill their obligations by increasing humanitarian aid to developing countries, including by contributing more to the Societies in developing countries.
Second, Effectiveness. To be effective, a couple of established practices should be upheld, that is, sovereignty of the recipient country should be respected, its national laws should be heeded, and any politicization of militarization avoided. In the meanwhile, more efforts are needed to align the international humanitarian aid to the national development strategy of the recipient country, so that emergency aid could lay the foundation of long-term peace and stability and serve as the starting point for the sustainable development of the recipient country.
Third, compliance. The international humanitarian law (IHL) holds the bottom line of humanitarian conscience. More actions should be taken to stop and prevent violence against civilians and civil facilities, and to guarantee the safety of the humanitarian volunteers, peacekeepers, and medical and health personnel. We hope that delegates to this Conference would engage with each other constructively, to build the broadest consensus on measures to strengthen the compliance with the IHL.
Fourth, the root causes. Although circumstances of humanitarian crisis are complicated, and their contexts vary, the ultimate solution lies in peace and development. All countries should adhere to the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and resolve disputes in a peaceful way. The 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda could be a platform for the pursuit of common development.
Allow me to say a few more words on the situation of the Syrian refugees, which is a concern shared by all. The top priority now is to properly resettle the refugees, including safeguarding their lives, safety and dignity.
China has carried out several rounds of aid to help to improve the humanitarian conditions of the Syrian refugees. Last month, President Xi Jinping announced at the G20 Summit that China will provide an additional aid of 100 million dollars to relevant countries and international organizations.
To pool our wisdom for comprehensive solutions, China calls for a high level meeting on refugee, under the UN framework, to be convened at an earliest time.
Meanwhile, momentum on the political track should be maintained. The international community should work for an early ceasefire in Syria, followed by and inclusive political process leading to lasting peace and stability. This is the fundamental way to alleviate the humanitarian situation in Syria.
China actively supports and participates in the international humanitarian work. While pursuing our development, we have been fulfilling our international humanitarian responsibilities in good faith, including our ledges to the last Conference.
Since the last Conference, apart from the assistance to the refugees in Middle East, China has provided humanitarian aid to more than 60 countries facing natural disaster, epidemics or other humanitarian challenges, in various forms of foods, medicine, health care, shelters and rescue assistance.
Soon after the Ebola outbreak in Western Africa, China took the lead in providing emergency aid and honored its commitment, with 750 million RMB emergency aid provided and more than 2000 medical experts and staff deployed.
When earthquakes hit Nepal this year, the Chinese government, the Red Cross Society of China and the Chinese Military dispatched rescue and health care teams to help at the first time, which comes to be the largest international humanitarian mission ever taken by China.
The Chinese Government has made new pledges at this Conference. We will take concrete measures to implement our pledges in the four years to come.
The international humanitarian cause is a lofty one. China is committeMovement to promote the international humanitarian cause and pd to work with all components of the Red Cross and Red Crescent eace and development of the world.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman!