At the outset, I would like to congratulate you on your assumption of the Presidency. I also would like to express our appreciation to the Secretariat for their preparation for the Conference. China’s participation in the Conference as an observer demonstrates the great importance we attach to the issue of illicit transfers of conventional arms.
In recent years, the illicit transfers and misuse of conventional arms, which exacerbate regional instability, humanitarian crisis, terrorism and organized crimes, have become an issue of growing international concern. For years, the international community has made unremitting efforts to address the issue and made certain progress in this regard. The negotiation and conclusion of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) was part of those efforts.
China has all along supported international efforts to regulate international arms trade and to combat illicit transfers of conventional arms. In this vein, China had actively and constructively participated in the negotiation of the ATT and made positive contributions in the process.
Taking a prudent and responsible attitude towards arms export, China has established a comprehensive and strict legislative and regulatory mechanism on export control of military items. China’s arms export activities always strictly observe the following three principles, namely, the exports should be conducive to the legitimate self-defense capability of the recipient country; the exports should not undermine peace, security and stability of the region concerned and the world as a whole; and the exports should not be used as a means of interfering in the internal affairs of the recipient country. China never exports arms to countries or regions under arms embargo imposed by the Security Council of the UN; never transfers arms to non-state actors or individuals. We have put in place an arms-export regulation system with standards much higher than the requirements of the ATT.
The Chinese government has actively engaged itself in international cooperation and assistance in combating illicit trade of small arms and light weapons. China has been sharing with all parties concerned our policies, experiences and best practices in combating illicit arms trade through participation in the relevant Group of Governmental Experts, attending seminars, conducting bilateral consultations and submitting national reports. The Chinese police and custom authorities have maintained regular operational contacts with their counterparts and relevant international organizations. China has also provided assistance to relevant counties and regions. It’s worth mentioning that China has made its own contributions to combating illicit arms trade by providing funds, technologies and training courses within the framework of Shanghai Cooperation Organization and China-Africa Cooperation Forum.
As a responsible member of the international community, China will continuously attach great importance to the problems caused by illicit transfers of conventional arms. We will work together with the international community in efforts to establish a just order for international arms trade and eradicate illicit arms transfers for the sake of maintaining regional and international peace and stability.
I thank you, Mr. President.