Mr. SHA Zukang is a career diplomat. He was Permanent Representative and Ambassador of the Permanent Mission of China to the United Nations Office at Geneva and Other International Organizations in Switzerland before assuming the post of under-secretary.
I Summary of Professional Experience
Mr. SHA Zukang joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) of the People's Republic of China in 1970. His postings in diplomatic missions abroad include London, Colombo, New Delhi, New York and Geneva. He worked as Counselor of the Chinese Mission to the United Nations, Deputy Director-General of the Department of International Organizations and Conferences of MFA, Ambassador for Disarmament Affairs, Director-General of the Department of Arms Control of MFA, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the Chinese Mission to the United Nations Office at Geneva and Other International Organizations in Switzerland. In his 37 years of diplomatic career, Mr. SHA Zukang's portfolios cover a wide range of fields including politics, security, economy, social affairs, human rights and humanitarian affairs. As an adviser to the Chinese government and military authorities, he has been involved in the making of many major diplomatic policies. He is one of the architects of a series of major initiatives on arms control and disarmament. He is both a player and a witness of Chinese diplomacy since the reform and opening-up.
Mr. SHA Zukang is adept at crisis management. As the representative of the Chinese government, he, with the facilitation of Saudi Arabia, negotiated with the U.S. and properly dealt with the Chinese ship "Yinhehao" event in August 1993. As a senior official of the Chinese Foreign Ministry, he was involved in the settlement of the First Korean Nuclear Crisis from 1993 to 1994. As the chief advisor to Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan, he worked for the settlement of South Asia Nuclear Crisis in 1998 and participated in the drafting and negotiation of the P-5 Foreign Ministers' Joint Communiqué. He also contributed to the adoption of the resolution 1172 by the Security Council. As Chinese ambassador, he facilitated the handling of SARS outbreaks by the Chinese government and the World Health Organization in 2003.
Mr. SHA Zukang is an excellent negotiator. As the representative of the Chinese government, he participated in the negotiation and review of many important international treaties on arms control and disarmament such as Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, Chemical Weapons Convention, Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, and Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. He also participated in drafting some major arms control and international security resolutions adopted by the General Assembly and the Security Council. With a global and strategic vision, he is a champion of international security cooperation with a view to maintaining international peace and regional stability and security.
Mr. SHA Zukang worked actively to promote China's bilateral arms control cooperation with Russia, the United States, and other countries. As the representative of China, he participated in the negotiation and drafting of the documents with the United States on detargeting of nuclear weapons against each other. He facilitated the issuing of the Joint Statement by the President of the People's Republic of China and the President of Russian Federation on No-First-Use of Nuclear Weapons and Detargeting of Strategic Nuclear Weapons Against Each Other in September 1994, and the announcement by the heads of state of China and U.S. on detargeting of strategic nuclear weapons against each other in June 1998.
Mr. SHA Zukang is an outstanding organizer, leader and coordinator. He established the Department of Arms Control of MFA and became its first Director-General. In connection with China's implementation of arms control and human rights treaties, he, on many occasions, took charge of the coordination between government agencies, military, and civil society in preparing and submitting the implementation reports. He facilitated the on site inspections by experts and visits by UN working groups and rapporteurs, encouraged the development of Chinese non-governmental organizations, and promoted the launching of office in China by international organizations.
Mr. SHA Zukang has rich experience in multilateral organizations and international conferences. He was member of the UN Secretary-General Advisory Board on Disarmament matters from 1994 to 1999, Chairperson of the Government group of the Governing Body of the International Labor Organization from 2002 to 2003, President of the Trade and Development Board, 50th Session of UNCTAD, Chairman of the Preparatory Committee and Chairman of the Committee of the Whole, UNCTAD 11th session from 2003 to 2004, Coordinator of the Like Minded Group of the Commission on Human Rights and the Human Rights Council from 2004 to 2007. In addition, he has worked as president, vice president, chairperson, coordinator and expert in many international conferences in the field of arms control, trade, intellectual property, social affairs, and telecommunications, etc.
2001-present Permanent Representative and Ambassador, Permanent Mission of the People's Republic of China, Geneva.
1997-2001 Director-General, Department of Arms Control, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, China.
1995-1997 Ambassador for Disarmament Affairs and Deputy Permanent Representative of the Permanent Mission of China, Geneva.
1992-1995 Counselor and Deputy Director-General, Department of International Organizations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, China.
1988-1992 First Secretary and Counselor, Permanent Mission of China, New York.
1985-1988 Third Secretary, Deputy Division Director and First Secretary, Department of International Organizations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, China.
1980-1985 Attache and Third Secretary, Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the Republic of India.
1974-1980 Staff Member, Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.
1971-1974 Staff Member, Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the United Kingdom of the Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Date of birth: September 24, 1947
Place of birth: Jiangsu Province, China
Marital status: Married, with a son
Languages: Chinese(native), English (fluency), French (some
Education: Graduate from Nanjing University, 1970.
English Program at London Ealing Engineering Institute.
A. Acting as Chairperson/ President/ Vice-President/ Moderator/ Coordinator/Expert
a) Arms Control and Disarmament Affairs
2006 Vice-President of the Fourth Review Conference of the States Parties to the BWC, Geneva.
Vice-President of the Fourth Annual Conference of the States Parties to the Amended APII to the CCW, Geneva.
2001-2002 Vice-President of the Fifth Review Conference of the States Parties to the BWC, Geneva.
2001 Vice-President of the Second Review Conference of the States Parties to the CCW, and the Third Annual Conference of the States Parties to the Amended APII to the CCW, Geneva.
1992-1993 Chinese Expert working for the governmental group of the UN conventional arms registry.
b) Social Affairs
2006 Vice-Chairman of the First Session of the Conference of Parties to the WHO Framework Treaty on Tobacco Control
2005 Member of the 43rd UNITAR Board Meeting.
2004-2006 Coordinator of the Like-Minded Group of the Commission on Human Rights and the Human Rights Council.
2002-2003 Chairperson of the Government group of the Governing Body of the International Labor Office.
2001-2006 Substitute Regular Government Member of the Governing Body of the International Labor Office.
c) Economic Affairs
2006 Chairman of Retreat (at the Ambassador Level) on the Eminent Persons' Report to the Secretary-General of UNCTAD.
2006 Moderator of Brainstorming Retreat (at the Ambassador Level) on UNCTAD, Mid-term Review on UNCTAD 11th Session.
2004 Chairman of the Committee of the Whole, UNCTAD, 11th Session, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
2003-2004 President of the Trade and Development Board, 50th Session, UNCTAD and President of the Advisory Body to the Secretary General of UNCTAD, Geneva.
2003-2004 Chairman of the Preparatory Committee of UNCTAD 11th session, Geneva.
2002-2003 Co-chair of the Prepcom for World Intellectual Property Organization Beijing Summit on Intellectual Properties, Geneva.
B. Acting as Head/Deputy Head/Delegate/ Negotiator/ Expert of the Chinese Delegation
a) Political Affairs
2005 Chinese Expert to the Stanley Foundation Conference on UN Reform, Switzerland.
2003 Special Adviser to the Delegation of Chinese National People's Congress to the 109th General Assembly of the Inter-Parliament Union, Geneva.
2002-2006 Head of the Chinese delegation to the 39th-60th sessions of the Governing Council of the United Nations Compensation Commission, Geneva.
b) Arms Control and Disarmament Affairs
2006 Head of the Chinese Delegation to the First Part of the 2006 Session of the Conference of Disarmament, Geneva.
2000 Head of the Chinese Delegation to the Sixth NPT Review Conference.
1998 Adviser to Chinese Foreign Minister Mr. TANG Jiaxuan, attending the P-5 Foreign Ministers Meeting in Geneva on the South Asia Nuclear Crisis, and acting as Chief Chinese negotiator in the drafting and negotiation on the P-5 Foreign Ministers's final Joint Communique which constitutes the basis of the resolution 1172 of the UN Security Council.
1995-2001 Head of the Chinese Delegation to the First and Second CCW Review Conferences in 1995-1996 and 2001; the Fourth and Fifth BWC Review Conferences in 1997 and 2001; the 1rst-4th Annual Conferences of the States Parties to the Amended APII to the CCW, in 1998-2001 and the First Conference on Facilitating the Entry into Force of the CTBT in 2001.
1995-1997 Head of the Chinese Delegation to the Sessions of the Conference of Disarmament.
1995-1997 Head of the Chinese Delegation to the UN Disarmament Commission Sessions.
1995 Adviser to Chinese Vice-Premier and Foreign Minister Mr. QIAN Qishen and Head of the Chinese Delegation attending the Fifth NPT Review and Extension Conference, actively contributing to the historic decision by the Conference to the extension of NPT.
1995 Chinese negotiator on the drafting and adoption of the resolution 984 by the UN Security Council providing legally-binding positive security assurances (PSAs) to come to the aid of NNWSs in the event of a nuclear attack against them.
1993-1994 One of the major senior officer of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs in dealing with the First Korean Nuclear Crisis.
1993 Representative of Chinese Government in dealing with the Chinese Ship "Yinhehao" Event.
c) Social Affairs
2006 Head of the Chinese delegation to the 1st and 2nd sessions of the Human Rights Council of the United Nations.
2006 Deputy Head of the Chinese Delegation to the First Special Session of the World Health Assembly, and to the 119th Session of the Executive Board meeting of the World Health Organization, Geneva.
2006 Head of the Chinese Delegation to the First Session of the Conference of Parties to the WHO Framework Treaty on Tobacco Control.
2005 Head of the Chinese delegation in the dialogue with the UN Committee on the Economical, Social and Cultural Rights on the Initial Report of the Chinese Government on Implementation of the Covenant of the Economical, Social and Cultural Rights.
2005 Head of the Chinese delegation in the dialogue with the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child on the 2nd Report of the Chinese Government on Implementation of the Convention of the Rights of the Child.
2005 Head of the Chinese Delegation to the Diplomatic conference of High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions.
2004-2005 Head of the Chinese Delegation to the First and Second sessions of the Intergovernmental Working Group on amending the International Health Regulations.
2004 Delegate to the China Employment Forum organized by the International Labor Conference, Beijing.
2003-2006 Head of the Chinese Delegation to the 28th and 29th International Conferences of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent.
2002-2006 Head of the Chinese delegation to the 58th-62nd sessions of the Human Rights Commission of the United Nations.
2002-2006 Deputy Head of the Chinese Delegation to the 55th-59th World Health Assembly.
2001–2006 Chinese Delegate to the 90th-95th International Labor Conferences.
2001-2005 Head of the Chinese Observer delegation to the 82nd-90th sessions of the Council of the International Organization for Migration.
2001-2003 Head of the Chinese delegation to the 52nd-54th sessions of the Executive Committee of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Programme.
2001 Delegate to the Global Employment Forum organized by the International Labor Conference, Geneva.
d) Economic Affairs
2006 Deputy Head of the Chinese Delegation to the 17th ITU Plenipotentiary Conference, Antalya, Turkey.
2006 Expert to the Seventh International Conference on Europe-Africa organized by Institute Aspen France.
2004-2006 Deputy Head of the Chinese Delegation to the 40th-42nd Assemblies of Member States of the World Intellectual Property Organization.
2002-2005 Head of the Chinese Delegation to Prepcoms of the World Summit on Information Society, Geneva phase, Tunis phase.
Deputy Head of the Chinese Delegation to the World Summit on Information Society, Geneva phase, Tunis phase.
2002-2007 Delegate of Chinese Government to World Economic Forum Annual Meetings at Davos.
2001-2006 Head of Chinese Delegation to the annual meetings of Council of Representatives of the South center.
2001-2002 Ambassador on China's accession to WTO.
C. Bilateral negotiations
1998 Chinese Negotiator with US State Department in preparation of 3 Joint Communiques on the South Asia Nuclear Issue, the protocol to the BWC and the Amended APII to the CCW, and on drafting the bilateral document signed by the heads of State of two countries on not targeting strategic nuclear weapons under their respective control at each other's countries.
1994-1995 Chinese Negotiator with Ukraine and Kazakhstan in the drafting and consultation on the documents to provide security assurance to both countries.
1994 Chinese Negotiator with Russia on the drafting of the Joint Declaration signed by Chinese President Jiang Zemin and Russian President Boris Eltsin to detarget strategic nuclear weapons under their respective control from each other.
II．Member of Board/Association/Institution
2005-2007 Member of UNITAR Executive Board, second term.
2002-2004 Member of UNITAR Executive Board, by the invitation of the Secretary-General Kofi Annan.
2001-present Member of China Arms Control and Disarmament Association.
1994-1999 Member of the Secretary-General's Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters.
"Resolving the Problem of Nuclear Proliferation by Addressing Both Symptoms and the Root Causes", Statement at the Fourth IISS Global Strategic Review, Sept. 9, 2006, Geneva.
"China & US Comment on NMD", Disarmament Diplomacy, Issue No. 55, March 2001,Briefing by Ambassador Sha Zukang, Statement by Ambassador Sha Zukang, Director-General of the Department of Disarmament and Arms Control, Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, press briefing on National Missile Defense, Beijing, March 14, 2001.
"Preserving the ABM Treaty and Promoting International Security", by Ambassador Sha Zukang, March 2001, Ottawa.
"Global Strategic Balance and Stability Bears No Destruction", People's Daily, August, 2000.
"Next Steps", originally published in the May 2000 issue of OPCW Synthesis.
Statement by H.E. Amb. Sha Zukang at the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (24/04/2000).
"US Missile Defense Plans: China's View", By Ambassador Sha Zukang, in Disarmament Diplomacy, Issue No. 43, January - February 2000.
"Non-Proliferation at A Crossroads", Addressed by Mr. Sha Zukang at the Wilton Park Conference, December 14, 1999.
"China's Opposition to US Missile Defense Programs", in Beijing People's Daily, November 26, 1999.
"Why Should the 'Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty' be Maintained?", "Hot Spot Observation" Article by Sha Zukang, Director General of the Department of Arms Control and Disarmament under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Beijing People's Daily (Internet Version in Chinese), 19 November 1999.
"Can BMD Really Enhance Security?", Remarks at the Second US-China Conference on Arms Control, Disarmament and Nonproliferation, 28 April 1999, Monterey, California.
"Some Thoughts on Non-Proliferation", Speech by Ambassador Sha Zukang at the 7th Annual Carnegie International Non-Proliferation Conference on Repairing the Regime, 11-12 January 1999,Washington, D.C..
Statement by H.E. Mr. Sha Zukang, Ambassador for Disarmament Affairs and Head of Delegation of the People's Republic of China at the First Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, New York, 8 April 1997.
Statement of H.E. Mr. Sha Zukang, Ambassador of China for Disarmament Affairs At the General Debate of the First Committee of the 50th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, 17 October 1995.