|Speech by Ambassador Wang Yingfan at the Joint Debate of the 57th General Assembly on Agenda: Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization and Implementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration (10/04/02)
The Chinese Delegation wishes to thank the Secretary-General for his reports of the Work of the Organization as well as on the Implementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. The above two reports have covered the progress made in all major areas of work and deserve serious review by member states. Here, I would like to make the following comments in the light of the reports:
1)The Issue of Peace
While mankind has entered into the 21st Century, we are still faced with severe challenges in safeguarding world peace. In the Middle East, the vicious cycle of violence between the Israel and Palestine has not stopped. In Iraq, danger of break-out of war exists. If it should happen, the already turbulent situation in that region would be more complex. The situation in the South Asia Sub-continent is also worrying. In spite of the fact that different degrees of progress have been made in terms of political settlement with regard to some regional conflicts in Africa, peace and stability have not prevailed. While international struggle against terrorism has reaped first fruits, tasks to eliminate the root causes are heavy and the road is long.
The International community should have a sober understanding over the threats that face the current peace situation, deal with all kinds of new and old problems with new thinking and new methods in the light of emerging new situations and problems, prepare against numerous and complicated security challenges with multiple means such as political, economic, scientific and technological and cultural means, and always attach importance to ensuring the United Nations play a central role in international peace and security.
2) The Issue of Disarmament and Arms Control
To prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their delivery means and to eliminate those weapons eventually is crucial for maintaining and enhancing international peace and security. Full participation of and close cooperation among all states is the prerequisite for the success of international non-proliferation efforts. In this regard, we should give full play to the role of the United Nations and other international organizations. China has always firmly opposed to the proliferation of the WMD and has taken concrete actions in this regard. Recently, the Chinese Government promulgated the Regulations on Export Control of Missiles and Missile-related Items and Technologies and the Missiles and Missile-related Items and Technologies Export Control List. Moreover, the Chinese Government will promulgate in the near future the Administrative Rules on Export Control of Chemical Items and Related Equipment and Technologies and the Regulations on Export Control of Biological Dual-use Items and Related Equipment and Technologies. With the promulgation of the above-mentioned regulations, China will establish a comprehensive system of export controls over sensitive items covering nuclear, biological, chemical and missile fields.
China supports the full implementation of the thirteen nuclear disarmament steps as contained in the Final Document of the 2000 NPT Review Conference on the premise of maintaining global strategic stability and undiminished security for all countries. China welcomes the new treaty between the United States and the Russian Federation on the reduction of strategic offensive forces, and hopes that the U.S. and Russia, as countries with the largest nuclear arsenals and bearing special and primary responsibilities for nuclear disarmament, will continue to drastically reduce and destroy their nuclear weapons in a verifiable and irreversible way.
China is of the view that the Conference on Disarmament should re-establish the Ad Hoc Committee on PAROS and start substantive work with a view to negotiating and concluding an international legal instrument on preventing the weaponization of and an arms race in outer space at an early date, so as to prevent the outer space from becoming a new battlefield.
3)The Issue of Development
Over the past year, the United Nations has sponsored a series of important conferences, including the International Conference on Financing for Development and World Summit for Sustainable Development, during which Monterrey Consensus was forged and Johannesburg Declaration and Action Plan were adopted. These were of great significance for promoting the achievement of millennium development goals. However, efforts in implementing those goals are very much unbalanced. Much of sub-Sahara Africa and large parts of Central Asia are hardly advancing at all, or even falling back in poverty-reduction. Some parts of Latin America are slow in this area. Based on the current trend, the developing world as a whole are too slow in achieving the objective of halving the poverty rate by 2015.
In order to meet the millennium development goals, the United Nations and the international community should take more active measures to increase the investment of resources. At present, it is of utmost importance to do the following work:
First, developed countries ought to open markets to developing countries, expedite their implementation of commitments in debt-reduction and enable ODA to reach a percentage of 0.7% of their gross national product, so as to practically solve issues of finance and technology that are necessary for meeting the development goals.
Second, Promoting a balanced and steady development of economic globalization, reforming the current rules in the world economy and strengthening guidance and management of the globalization process.
Third, Strengthening developing countries' capacity for self-development. The international community should respect the right of the developing countries to choose a development path suited to their own national conditions and provide them with assistance in areas such as institution building, personnel training and competitiveness development.
Fourth, Persisting in the course of sustainable development, promoting a balanced development of the economy, population, resources and environment with a view to an organic integration of the economic returns, social well-being and environmental benefits, endeavoring to combine efforts to address environmental problems of individual countries with those to tackle global concerns.
4)The Issue of Multilateralism
Multilateralism has become the main theme of this General Assembly. Most member states support the remarks made by the Secretary–general, "Multilateralism with the UN as its center is necessary for all nations to meet the global challenges successfully". Realities have demonstrated that as the most universal and representative inter-governmental organization, UN has an irreplaceable role to play in safeguarding peace, promoting development, enhancing anti-terrorism cooperation as well as helping to solve global problems such as mass refugee movements, HIV/AIDS, overpopulation and environment degradation. Recently, the Secretary-general has submitted a report: "Strengthening of the United Nations: an agenda for further change". It deserves serious study by member states. China will, as always, actively support and participate in the UN reform process.
Thank you, Mr. President.