At the outset, we would like to welcome Your Excellency to assume your new post in Geneva and congratulate you on your assumption of the Coordinator of the informal meetings on agenda item of Negative Security Assurances (NSA). We appreciate your proposal on the agenda for this week’s informal meetings.
Negotiation and conclusion of international legal instruments on NSA is the aspiration of the overwhelming majority of the international community. The demands by non-nuclear-weapon States for security assurances against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons and confirming such assurances in a legally binding form is fully justified and reasonable. Such assurances to non-nuclear-weapon States play a positive role in maintaining the international nuclear non-proliferation regime with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) as its cornerstone, promoting nuclear disarmament process, and creating favorable international and regional security environment.
The international community has been actively promoting the conclusion of effective arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons. In 1978, the first special session of the UN General Assembly devoted to disarmament called upon the nuclear-weapons States to pursue efforts to conclude effective arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons. Since the 1990s, the UN General Assembly has adopted resolutions every year calling on the Conference on Disarmament to start negotiations with a view to concluding relevant international legal instrument. In 2000, the Final Document of the NPT Review Conference agreed that legally binding security assurances by the nuclear-weapon States to the non-nuclear-weapon States strengthen the nuclear non-proliferation regime. The Action Plan in the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Review Conference provides that the CD should, within the context of an agreed programme of the work, immediately begin substantive discussion on negative sec