Allow me first to congratulate you on your assumption of the Presidency of the Conference on Disarmament. Kazakhstan has always been committed to international arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation, making its unique contributions to maintaining international and regional peace and stability. Recently, the five nuclear-weapon States jointly signed the Protocol to the Central Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone Treaty. Kazakhstan played an important role in this regard. We believe that further progress will be achieved in the CD under your Presidency. The Chinese Delegation will fully cooperate with you.
We are already halfway through this year's session of the CD. Positive progress has been achieved with the joint efforts of the Presidencies and member states of the CD. The Informal Working Group with the mandate to produce the Programme of Work has been re-established and in-depth exchange of views has been carried out. In accordance with the Schedule of Activities, we have conducted in-depth and substantive discussions on nuclear disarmament and FMCT. We hope the upcoming informal meetings on PAROS, NSA and other agenda items will be similarly fruitful.
At the plenary meeting on May 20th, acting Secretary-General Michael Møller put forward constructive proposals on the work of the CD. Some colleagues have also made observations in this regard. The Chinese Delegation appreciates the proposals put forward by Mr. Møller. In principle, we support all efforts that will be conducive to promoting the work of the CD. At the same time, we believe that the Rules of Procedure with the principle of consensus as its core should be observed, and the work of the CD should be promoted in a comprehensive and balanced manner. We are ready to explore with all colleagues feasible ways to revitalize the work of the CD.
Today, the Chinese Delegation and the Russian Delegation jointly submit to the Secretariat the updated text of the draft Treaty on Prevention of the Placement of Weapons in Outer Space and of the Threat or Use of Force Against Outer Space Objects (PPWT). Ambassador Borodavkin of Russia has just now introduced the new draft. Tomorrow, the informal meetings on the agenda item of PAROS will start. China has been promoting PAROS as priority in the CD. The reason behind this is that with the rapid development of the space technology, the risk of weaponization of and an arms race in outer space has been increasing, which will impede peaceful uses of outer space, undermine trust among states in space security, affect global strategic balance and stability as well as nuclear disarmament process. At the same time, the existing legal framework of outer space is not able to prevent weaponization of outer space, or effectively prevent the threat or use of force against outer space objects.
Facing these challenges, the international community should adopt preventive measures to negotiate and conclude new international legal instrument on PAROS, so as to prevent the weaponization of outer space in a fundamental manner through a legal framework. This is also the common aspiration of the international community. The UNGA has for successive sessions adopted resolutions on PAROS by overwhelming majority, calling upon the CD to negotiate and conclude relevant international legal instrument.
PAROS has always been one of the four core agenda items of the CD. The CD has solid basis to address the issue of PAROS. For many years, the CD has carried out relevant work on this issue and accumulated rich experiences. Member states of the CD have carried out in-depth discussions on the issue and put forward many proposals. In 2008, China and Russia introduced to the CD the draft PPWT (CD/1839), as a basis for the CD to negotiate international legal instrument on PAROS. The UN GGE on Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures (TCBMs) in outer space also carried out in-depth study on this issue and has achieved positive outcome.
Taking into account the new developments in outer space and the views of different parties, including recommendations in the report of the UN GGE on TCBMs, China and Russia have updated and improved the draft PPWT, mainly through amendments and refinements of such articles as definition, scope, institutional arrangements and dispute settlement mechanism in the draft Treaty. The new draft is aimed at further promoting negotiation of relevant international legal instrument in the CD. The Chinese delegation will make further introductions about the new draft at the informal meetings starting from tomorrow. We hope all parties will seriously study the new draft and support this initiative. We are open to views and suggestions by all parties to further improve the draft Treaty, so as to consolidate basis for the CD to start substantive negotiations in this regard.
The international community is concerned that the CD has been unable to carry out substantive work for a long time. At the same time, it is widely recognized that the work of the CD is closely related to the external security environment.
Currently, the international situation is undergoing complex changes. On the one hand, with further development of multi-polarization, economic globalization and social informatization, the interests, prosperity and security of all countries are getting more and more integrated. On the other hand, regional hotspot issues occur from time to time. Traditional and non-traditional security threats are intertwined. Recently, President XI Jinping pointed out that we should attach equal importance to both national security and common security for all, and build a community of common destiny by promoting all parties towards the same direction of mutual benefit, reciprocity and common security. This is quite instructive for us in exploring ways to promote international arms control and disarmament process. All parties should abandon the concept of Cold War and zero-sum game, actively seek common and cooperative security, further improve international and regional security environment, with a view to creating favorable conditions for the international arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation process.
The nuclear issues constitute core agenda items of the CD, as well as an important component of the global governance. We believe that global nuclear governance should take universal security as its fundamental goal, maintain the existing multilateral mechanisms, adhere to the principles of balanced progress and consensus, and guarantee the broad participation of the international community. Nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy are equally important and indispensable, which should be promoted in a holistic and balanced manner.
Firstly, we should maintain the strategic balance and stability. The nuclear deterrence policy based on the first use of nuclear weapons should be abandoned. Countries with the largest nuclear arsenals should continue to take the lead in making drastic and substantive reductions in their nuclear weapons. Nuclear disarmament should be promoted in a steady manner according to the consensus reached by the international community, including the roadmaps adopted by the successive NPT Review Conferences.
Secondly, we should earnestly enhance the authority and universality of the NPT. All states should strictly implement its non-proliferation obligations and relevant regulations of IAEA, maintain balanced supply and demand of nuclear materials, eliminate loopholes in nuclear security and potential proliferation risks, properly resolve hotspot regional issues through political and diplomatic means and consolidate the international non-proliferation regime.
Thirdly, we should fully respect the rights of all countries, especially the developing countries to peaceful uses of nuclear energy and carry out active international cooperation to assist developing countries in developing and utilizing nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.
Fourthly, we should follow a sensible, coordinated and balanced approach to nuclear security, build an international nuclear security system featuring fairness and win-win cooperation, vigorously strengthen nuclear security, promote international cooperation and make joint efforts to combat nuclear terrorism.
Thank you, Mr. President.