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Statement by Chinese Delegation on Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons at the Second Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the NPT

Mr. Chairman,

The current international security environment is complicated and undergoing fundamental changesunstable. Nuclear proliferation is still evident prominent which demands the international community to continue to adopt effective approaches measures to maintain and enforce reinforce the international nuclear non-proliferation regime, so as to eliminate the risk of nuclear weapon proliferation risk.

Being As the cornerstone of the international nuclear non-proliferation regime, the NPT has played an important significant role in preventing the proliferation of the nuclear weapons and safeguarding maintaining world peace and security. China is ready to work with the international community to promote the 2015 NPT Review Conference to achieve active progresspositive progress in this regard on preventing the proliferation of the nuclear weapons.

Mr. Chairman,

The proliferation of nuclear weapons has complex root causes. Efforts should be made in the following aspects as a holistic approach which addresses both the symptoms and the root causes to achieve proper solutions.

The underlying determinants of nuclear proliferation are complicated. To address and solve this issue properly, we should solve both symptoms and root causes in a comprehensive manner and adopt the following methods:

Firstly, to establish aa good favorable international security environment should be fostered, so as to fundamentally eliminate the reasons incentives of for nuclear proliferation. The legitimate and reasonable security concerns of all states should be respected and accommodated. No country should seek its own security at the expense of others. Efforts should be made to build a safer world for all through mutually-beneficial and win-win cooperation, creating conditions for realizing the objective of nuclear non-proliferation.

All states should respect and consider the legitimate and reasonable security concerns of each other, not lay their own national security upon others, establish a world of security at large, and create conditions to achieve the non-proliferation goal.

Secondly, to continue to addressthe international and regional non-proliferation issues should be resolved through dialogues and negotiations. Any relative international efforts in this regards should not deviate from the fundamental goal of maintaining and promoting international and regional peace and stability. All relative relevant parties should narrow overcome their down differences and distrusts suspicions through dialogues on the basesd on of equality and mutual respect, establish build mutual trust, and achieve the normalizeation of bilateral their relations. These will help , contributing to the achieving the objective of non-proliferation.

Thirdly, the authority and effectiveness of the international nuclear non-proliferation regime should be maintained and enhanced. The practices of double standards must be abandoned to ensure to make persistent efforts to maintain and strengthen the authority and effectiveness of international non-proliferation regime. International community should discard double standards, keep the impartiality and non-discriminatory discrimination of international non-proliferation systemregime and , guarantee the comprehensive, faithful and balanced perform implementation of all obligations under the NPT.of every obligation of NPT, It is necessary to strengthen the safeguards function of the IAEA and promote the universality of the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and its Additional Protocol. The export control system and international cooperation in this regard should be further improved.

promote the safeguard function of IAEA, enlarge the universality of the additional protocol of the comprehensive safeguards agreement, and further perfect the nuclear non-proliferation export control and relevant international cooperation.

Fourthly, the relation between non-proliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy should be addressed properly. Each country’s right to peaceful uses of nuclear energy should be guaranteed. At the same time, all countries should comply strictly with the responsibilities and obligations set out by the NPT, and should not take peaceful uses of nuclear energy as an excuse for proliferation activities. to proper address

the relationship between non-proliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy. International community should guarantee the legitimate right to peaceful uses of nuclear energy of all states. Meanwhile, all states should fulfill their responsibilities and obligations formulated by NPT, and not engage in proliferation activities under the pretext of peaceful use.

Mr. Chairman,

China firmly opposes any forms of nuclear proliferation. China fulfills its international non-proliferation obligations in a serious manner. China has joined all relevant international treaties and mechanisms in the nuclear field, and strictly implemented the relevant resolutions adopted by the UN Security Council. China has established comprehensive nuclear export control laws and regulations and taken strict measures to ensure their effective implementation.

China always takes a highly responsible attitude on nuclear non-proliferation issues. China has actively participated in international non-proliferation process and has made relentless efforts to promote resolution of relevant regional nuclear issues.

China always believes that the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula should be settled through dialogue by peaceful means, calls for all parties to pursue dialogues and consultations and to address the nuclear issue on the Peninsula under the framework of Six-Party Talks. China is always committed to the realization of de-nuclearization of the Peninsula and the peace and stability in the Peninsula and Northeast Asia. We will continue to make unremitting efforts in this regard.

China firmly opposes any form of nuclear proliferation. It has fulfilled its international non-proliferation obligations. China has joined all the international treaties and mechanisms in this field, and carried out all the UN Security Council resolutions of non-proliferation. China has established a complete legislative and regulatory framework of export control, and kept adopting potent approaches to guarantee its implementation.

China has constantly address non-proliferation issues in a highly responsible manner, taken an active part in international non-proliferation process, and made effective efforts in addressing relative regional nuclear issues.

For the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula, China persists in solving this issue through dialogue and consultations. At present, the situation in the Korean Peninsula is complicated and sensitive. China urges all states related to keep calm and restrained, to avoid any activity which may worsen the situation, appeals all parties to continue dialogue and consultation and address the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula within the Six Party Talk framework. We are committed to achieving the denuclearization of the Peninsula, and maintaining the peace and stability of the Korean Peninsula and Northeast Asia. China will continue to make unremitting efforts to achieve this objective.

On the Iranian nuclear issue, China has played a constructive role in promoting the process of dialogue, and always advocates peaceful resolution of the issue through dialogues and negotiations. China welcomes the dialogue between P5+1 and Iran. We appeal to all relevant parties to step up diplomatic efforts, strengthen mutual trust, promote negotiation to early progress, and seek a comprehensive, long-term and appropriate solution in a step-by-step manner.

Mr. Chairman,

The Chinese delegation has submitted a working paper on non-proliferation of nuclear weapons which elaborates China’s relevant positions. We hope the elements contained therein will be reflected in the report of this PrepCom.

Thank you Mr. Chairman.

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