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Statement by the Chinese Delegation at the Meeting of Experts of the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) on National Implementation Measures---National Legislation Status (August 18, 2003,Geneva)
2004/04/16

Mr. Chairman:

Chinese legislation with regard to the implementation of the prohibition set forth in the Biological Weapons Convention is as follows:

According to China's legal system and legal practice, once an international treaty entered into by China has been ratified, it will become legally effective in China.

In order to further implement comprehensively the obligations of the Convention, China has promulgated and put into practice a series of laws and regulations. With regard to criminal legislation, China has promulgated the Criminal Law and its Third Revision. In civil legislation, the State Council has promulgated administrative regulations such as the Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Export Control of Dual-Use Biological Agents and Related Equipment and Technologies. There are also ministerial rules and regulations, such as the Administrative Measures for the Registration of Exporters of Sensitive Items and Technologies as promulgated by the former Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation. These laws and regulations are mutually complementary. Jointly, they form a multilayer, comprehensive legal system for implementing the Convention. China has already taken, and will continue to take, all kinds of measures to ensure the implementation of all the laws and regulations in a strict and effective manner, with an aim to implement fully the obligations of the Convention. China has already submitted to the meeting a working paper named "National Implementation Measures and Biosecurity and Oversight Mechanism: Practice and Proposals", covering the related practice and position of China, which will be distributed soon.

Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

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