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Statement by Ambassador Wang Yingfan, Permanent Representative of China to the UN, At the General Committee of the 56th Session of the GA (14/09/01)
2004/04/19
Mr. President,

After repeated failure in the past eight years, a small number of countries have once again raised the issue of the so-called "Taiwan's participation in the United Nations" at this year's session of the General Assembly, in another attempt to create "two Chinas" and "one China, one Taiwan" in this Organization.  This is a violation of the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations as well as GA Resolution 2758.  We firmly oppose the inclusion of supplementary item 188 of the draft agenda in the agenda of the 56th session of the General Assembly.  We hope that the General Committee will, as it did before, uphold justice and safeguard the purposes and principles of the UN Charter as well as GA Resolution 2758 by supporting the position of the Chinese Delegation on this issue.

Mr. President,
It is an indisputable objective reality and legal fact widely recognized by the international community that there is only one China in the world and Taiwan has been an inseparable part of China's territory since antiquity.  Both the 1943 Cairo Declaration and the 1945 Potsdam Proclamation have reaffirmed China's sovereignty over Taiwan.  To date, more than 160 countries in the world have diplomatic relations with China, recognizing that Taiwan is an inseparable part of China's territory and the Government of the People's Republic of China is the sole legal government representing the whole of China.  

In 1971, the 26th session of the UN General Assembly adopted, by an overwhelming majority, the historic Resolution 2758 (XXVI), acknowledging in clear and unequivocal terms that "the representatives of the Government of the People's Republic of China to the United Nations are the only lawful representatives of China to the United Nations and that the People's Republic of China is one of the five permanent members of the Security Council" and deciding to restore all legitimate rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations and expel immediately the representatives of Taiwan who were claiming to represent China "from the place which they unlawfully occupy at the United Nations and in all the organizations related to it".  Resolution 2758 has solved once and for all, in political, legal and procedural terms, the issue of China's representation at the UN.  As of the day when the legitimate rights of the People's Republic of China were restored at the UN, the Government of the People's Republic of China has rightfully represented all Chinese, including our compatriots in Taiwan, in the United Nations and all organizations related to it.  This has fully safeguarded the principle of universality of the UN.  Thus, there is simply no such issue as the so-called "Taiwan's representation in the United Nations".

Mr. President,
The United Nations is an inter-governmental organization composed of sovereign states.  According to international law, state sovereignty is indivisible and so is the representation of a state in an international organization composed of sovereign states.  As a part of China, Taiwan is already covered in China's representation at the UN and is thus not eligible to participate on its own, in any other name or under any pretext, in the work or activities of the UN or its specialized agencies.  Therefore, to raise in whatever form the issue of the so-called "Taiwan's participation in the United Nations" will constitute a serious violation of the purposes and principles of the UN Charter as well as Resolution 2758.  The General Committees of the successive sessions of the General Assembly since 1993 have all flatly refused the request to include the issue of the so-called "Taiwan's participation in the United Nations" in the agenda of the General Assembly.  This year's proposal by a small number of countries is doomed to fail as before.

Mr. President,
On the question of Taiwan, we appreciate the position of the vast majority of Member States, who have abided by the one-China principle, opposed "Taiwan independence", "two Chinas", "one China, one Taiwan" and Taiwan's "participation" in international organizations composed of only sovereign states.  We sincerely thank them for having all along been unambiguously against the inclusion of the issue of the so-called Taiwan's "participation in the United Nations" in the agenda of the General Assembly.  Mr. President, we believe that, under your leadership, the General Committee of the 56th session of the General Assembly will, as always, refuse to inscribe the issue of Taiwan's so-called "participation in the United Nations" in the agenda of the General Assembly.

Thank you, Mr. President.  

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