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V. China and Anti-International Terrorism
2004/04/19

International terrorism causes innocent civilians colossal losses in life and property, damage to the friendly relations between states and peoples and threatens the security and territorial integrity of the states and is a major hidden peril affecting international peace and security.

The Chinese Government has all along opposed and condemned international terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, opposed the use of international terrorism as a way and means for the realization of political and other objectives and opposed the adoption of terrorist violent acts by any state, organization, group or individual.

The Chinese Government has consistently held that the various states should strengthen cooperation in combating international terrorism, seriously adopt effective measures and strictly fulfil the international obligations each of them assumes; in combating international terrorism, the globally acknowledged principles of international law including state sovereignty, territorial integrity and non interference in internal affairs should be respected. Out of consideration for safeguarding state interests and regional security and stability, China is willing to develop international cooperation in combating international terrorism with the other states.

China has made manifold efforts in combating international terrorism. It has acceded to all the anti-terrorist international conventions that came into force. In recent years, China has participated in the whole process of drafting The International Convention on the Suppression of Incidents of Terrorist Explosions, The International Convention on the Suppression of the Acts of Nuclear Terrorism and The International Convention on the Suppression of the Funding of Terrorism.

China has also increased the momentum of combating terrorism by way of domestic legislation. The Criminal Law of China contains explicit and concrete provisions on various types of crimes of terrorist nature. The Civil Aviation Law of China contains explicit provisions on combating terrorist acts including aircraft highjacking. The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress formulated, in the form of a separate ordinance, special provisions on certain crimes of terrorist nature, providing powerful legal foundation and guarantee for preventing, combating and suppressing international terrorist acts.

The Chinese Government through the INTERPOL has also undertaken extensive and effective cooperation with the police forces of the other states in combating terrorist acts and in crime investigations, searching for wanted persons and arresting international terrorists.

At present, The International Convention on the Suppression of Incidents of Terrorist Explosions and The International Convention on the Suppression of the Funding of Terrorism were unanimously adopted by the General Assembly. So far as The International Convention on the Suppression of the Incidents of Terrorist Explosions is concerned, China is going through the procedure of submission to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for the approval of the accession. With regard to The International Convention on the Suppression of the Funding of Terrorism, China is considering to sign or accede to it at an appropriate time.

From April 14 to 18, 2000, the due session of the UN Special Commission on the Suppression of International Terrorism was held at the UN Headquarters in New York. In September, the Working Group of the Special Commission held its session. The two sessions continued to discuss 3 major items, i.e. (a) Completing the drafting of The International Convention on the Suppression of the Acts of Nuclear Terrorism;(b) Discussing how to set up a comprehensive legal framework consisted of several anti-terrorist conventions, including the consideration of the draft resolution submitted by India on the formulation of a comprehensive anti-terrorist convention; (c) Consulting whether a high level conference aiming at promoting anti-terrorist united actions could be held under the aegis of the United Nations. The foregoing items have not yet produced specific results.

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