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Remarks by H.E. Ambassador Li Song in the CD on the Joint Statement by the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation on Strengthening Contemporary Global Strategic Stability

Mr President,

On June 5th, President Xi Jinping of the People’s Republic of China and President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed and issued a Joint Statement on Strengthening Contemporary Global Strategic Stability. This is the second time that the two heads of state have made a Joint Statement on the issue of global strategic stability since 2016, which is of both realistic and far-reaching strategic significance.

The international landscape today is witnessing mounting uncertainties and instabilities. A major power has been obsessed with unilateralism and bullyism, causing a range of negative impacts. International strategic stability has been undermined, multilateral system has been eroded, regional hotspot issues have intensified, new security challenges have been cropping up. In the face of such unprecedented challenges, the release of the Joint Statement by President Xi and President Putin has not only charted course for China and Russia in strengthening their strategic coordination in the new historical era, but also contributed to boosting confidence for a world replete with uncertainty.

By issuing the Joint Statement, China and Russia have demonstrated a sense of responsibility for upholding global strategic stability. The Russia-US bilateral disarmament treaty regime, evolving through the past several decades, is the critical building block of the current international security system. Under such circumstances, China and Russia stressed in the Joint Statement that Nuclear-weapon States should forsake the cold war mentality and zero-sum game, halt the unconstrained development of global ABM system, decrease the role of nuclear weapons in national security policy and substantively reduce the threat of nuclear war. The two leaders reiterated that all international legal instruments and agreements in nuclear disarmament field should be abided by, and that Parties to the INF treaty should make an effort in restoring vitality of the treaty and in extending the New Start Treaty. The unequivocal devotion demonstrated by China and Russia in maintaining global strategic stability is conducive to deepening strategic confidence among major countries, and promoting them in fulfilling their international security obligations.

China and Russia have demonstrated strong support for multilateralism. In the era of globalization, no country can cope with global challenges on its own, and no country can achieve absolute security in a self-enclosed environment. China and Russia have demonstrated their support for multilateralism with their concrete actions. In the Joint Statement, the two countries declared to support the central role of the United Nations and multilateral disarmament mechanisms in the international arms control process, and to uphold and strengthen the multilateral arms control treaties, such as the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons(NPT), the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty(CTBT) and the Biological Weapons Convention(BWC), with the aim to consolidating the international arms control and non-proliferation system. Under current circumstances, the firm upholding of multilateralism by China and Russia is conducive to containing unilateralism, upholding the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, and safeguarding the legitimate security interests of each country through international cooperation.

China and Russia have demonstrated their firm determination to promote political settlement of regional hotspot issues. At present, international and regional hotspot issues are heating up, impacting the international and regional peace and security. China and Russia have always been important actors in promoting political settlement of regional hotspot issues. In the Joint Statement, the two leaders reaffirmed their commitment to the maintenance of the Security Council resolutions and the UN Charter, their objection to the unilateral sanctions and long-armed jurisdictions, and their appeal for all parties to continue full implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iranian nuclear issue, and to properly resolve the Syrian chemical weapons dispute under the framework of the Chemical Weapons Convention. China and Russia will firmly promote the process of political and diplomatic settlement of regional hotspot issues, which is conducive to upholding international fairness and justice, promoting the advocacy for cooperation and consultation instead of confrontation and coercion, and maintaining the authority of the United Nations and the Security Council, so as to promote international and regional peace and stability.

China and Russia have demonstrated their willingness to respond to new security challenges. With the progress of the times, scientific and technological innovation has advanced by leaps and bounds, which has effectively promoted the economic and social development of all countries. However, the development of science and technology is also a double-edged sword. The military applications of emerging technologies in the fields of outer space, cyber space, and artificial intelligence are causing important impacts on international security and need to be properly addressed. In the Joint Statement, China and Russia advocated strengthening preventive diplomacy, such as negotiating a legally binding international instrument on prevention of the weaponization and an arms race in outer space , and advocated the United Nations as a platform to study the possible impact of scientific and technological developments on international security and the legal norms, so as to ensure equal participation of all parties. China and Russia’s advocating to meet new security challenges through cooperation is conducive to promoting the peaceful use of new technologies, and strengthening the international cooperation and international governance in the new security domain.


International security and global strategic stability are at a critical crossroads. It is in line with the common interests of China and Russia and the common aspiration of the international community that the two countries play a role of "stability anchor" in safeguarding world peace and security and promoting common development. I would like to take this opportunity to emphasize that the above-mentioned Joint Statement issued by the leaders of China and Russia is not directed at any particular country, but rather at cold war mentality, unilateralism, and the mindset, policies and practices that disregard international morality, strategic stability and existing international mechanisms. China and Russia are committed to safeguarding not only the common interests of the two countries, but also the global strategic stability, international peace and security, and the common interests of the international community. In this sense, we regard all countries as equal partners. Needless to say, we should also be partners in working together to uphold multilateralism.

The Chinese delegation will work with the Russian delegation and delegations of other CD members to promote the work of the CD in a positive, constructive and responsible manner, to develop a comprehensive and balanced programme of work at an early date and make specific arrangements for substantive work on outstanding and urgent issues. I myself and my team are also willing to work with my Russian, US, UK, French counterparts and their teams to continue to actively work to strengthen the P5 process and make unremitting efforts to maintain global strategic stability and promote international peace and security.

Thank you, Mr. president.

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