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Statement by Chinese Delegation at the 16th Annual Conference of the High Contracting Parties to Amended Protocol II of the CCW

Madame President,

First of all, please allow me to congratulate you on your assumption of the Presidency of the 16th Annual Conference of the High Contracting Parties to Amended Protocol II of the CCW. The Chinese delegation will fully cooperate with you and other delegations for a successful Conference.

Madame President,

The Amended Protocol II has provided detailed and appropriate prohibitions or restrictions on the use and transfer of different types of landmines. Over the past decade, the universality of the Protocol has been constantly strengthened, national mine clearance programmes have achieved positive results, and relevant international exchanges, assistance and cooperation have been further enhanced. The Protocol has played an important role in addressing the humanitarian concerns caused by landmines.

The Chinese government attaches great importance to the humanitarian concerns caused by landmines and has faithfully implemented its obligations under the Amended Protocol II. Over the past year, China has devoted considerable amount of resources and has taken effective measures to promote the implementation of the Protocol, which has achieved positive outcomes.

The Chinese military continued to carry out destruction of old anti-personnel landmines and other explosive devices which do not meet the requirements of the Protocol. At the same time, training courses and awareness-raising campaigns have been conducted for military personnel to better understand and implement the Protocol, as well as training demining experts. A series of publications on demining techniques have been compiled and published. Progress has also been made on developing safe and clean destruction technologies and improving detection and demining equipments.

While promoting domestic implementation of the AP II, China has been actively engaged in international humanitarian demining cooperation and assistance. In 2014, China hosted demining training courses for Afghanistan and Cambodia respectively and trained 50 demining operators for the two countries. China has also delivered victim assistance worth of 3 million RMB to the Laos.

China attaches importance to international exchange and cooperation on issues related to landmines. Recently, H.E. Mr. Chum Bun Rong, the Secretary General of Cambodia Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority, visited China at the invitation of the Chinese government. During his visit, Mr. Chum had in-depth exchange with Chinese officials and observed the training for Cambodian demining operators. The visit is useful in strengthening mutual understanding between China and mine-affected countries such as Cambodia, and improving effectiveness of our future international cooperation and assistance programs.

Madame President,

China shares the humanitarian concerns caused by the abusive use of IEDs by non-state actors. China supports further discussions on the issue under the framework of the Protocol and pragmatic efforts to promote relevant work, focusing on exchange of views and sharing of experience while fully taking into account specific conditions of different countries and regions. China also supports regional cooperation in the context of each region's specific situation on the prevention of IEDs. We hope that the developed countries will actively provide assistance to developing countries in the field of capacity building, funding and technology. As a priority, the international community should pay close attention to the problems of acquiring IED-related materials and disseminating know-how on production of IEDs through internet by terrorist and extremist organizations.

Madame President,

At present, there are still over 60 countries suffering from abusive use of landmines,which poses grave threat to life and property of local population and hinders economic development and post-war reconstruction of affected countries. China will work closely with all parties to further promote the universal and effective implementation of the AP II and contribute to minimizing harms caused by landmines to civilians worldwide.

Thank you, Madame President.

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