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Statement by the Delegation of China on Res. 56/L.35 of Japan (October, 2001)

Mr. Chairman,

    China has always stood for the complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons, and supported the efforts of the international community for the attainment of such an objective.  In line with this basic position, China agrees to the main theme of the resolution 56/L.35 tabled by the delegation of Japan.  At the same time, however, we feel compelled to point out that there are some major drawbacks in the content of the resolution.
    First, as in the previous years, this year's resolution makes no mention of some of the important principles and steps that are indispensable to the advancement of the process of nuclear disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation, such as the special responsibility of the countries possessing the largest and most advanced nuclear arsenals on the issue of nuclear disarmament, the renunciation of the nuclear deterrent doctrine based on the first use of nuclear weapons, and the discontinuation of the policies and practices of nuclear umbrella and nuclear sharing.

    Secondly, compared with last year's resolution, the text of this year has backtracked on some important issues.  For instance, it fails to emphasize, in explicit terms, the importance of the early signature and ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty by all states, and wordings on the preservation and strengthening of the ABM Treaty have been deleted from this year's text.

     Finally, the Chinese delegation cannot accept the mentioning of the report of the Tokyo Forum in the resolution, because, in our view, many of the things contained in that report are neither realistic nor reasonable.

     Based on these reasons, Mr. Chairman, China has once again abstained from the voting on resolution 56/L.35.

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